Government strategies and policies for supporting data sharing and access.
Agency plans based on the OSTP memo (as of March 2, 2015)
PAGES - a web-based portal that will provide free public access to accepted peer-reviewed manuscripts or published scientific journal articles within 12 months of publication
- Comprehensive Brief on Research Data Management Policies (2015) prepared by Katheleen Shearer, looks at RDM policies in Canada and around the world. As well as policies, the report covers administration, implementation, costs, and challenges.
- NIH Finalized Policy on Genomic Data Sharing (2014) Overview of the new policy that will be effective for funding applications starting on January 25, 2015. Further information in the comment: Paltoo, DN, Rodriguez, LL, Feolo, M, et al. Data Use under the NIH GWAS Data Sharing Policy and Future Directions. Nature Genetics 46, 934–938 (2014) doi:10.1038/ng.3062 Published online 27 August 2014:http://www.nature.com/ng/journal/v46/n9/full/ng.3062.html
- Fossils, Seeds, and Space Rocks: Improving the Management of and Access to the Nation’s Scientific Collections (2014) White House blog post that linkts to Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) memo that directs each Federal agency that owns, maintains, or otherwise financially supports permanent scientific collections to develop a draft scientific-collections management and access policy within six months.
- Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) (website) Many of the policies and initiatives regarding data are coming out of the OSTP. The OSTP Blog is good to follow and the Resource Library has many useful documents.
- Sage Connection had a webinar that explained SHARE and CHORUS as methods for fulfilling the requirements of the OSTP memo. Speakers from the two groups answered questions afterwards, and the answers are available here. The page includes a link to the webinar as well.
- Executive Order -- Making Open and Machine Readable the New Default for Government Information (2013) – President Obama’s executive order stating that data shall be managed as an asset throughout its life cycle to promote interoperability and openness, to ensure that data are released to the public in ways that make the data easy to find, accessible, and usable.
- National Science Board Committee on Strategy and Budget Task Force on Data Policies: Statement of Principles (2011) – Statement of Principles of the National Science Board that guides the NSB’s efforts with the National Science Foundation to examine current and emerging issues associated with science and engineering data and to develop relevant policies.”
- National Research Council’s Board on Research Data – The National Research Council’s Board on Research Data reviews issues and proposes policies related to improving the management, policy, and use of digital data for science and society.
Journals’ policies for making data available to readers.
- Joint Data Archiving Policy – A policy supported by many journals requiring that as a condition for publication, data supporting the results in a paper should be archived in an appropriate public archive.
- Nature’s policies for submitting accompanying data with publications (2013) – A condition for publication in the Nature journals is that authors make data promptly available to readers. Details about this policy and author guidelines are listed.
- PLOS' Data Policy. Blog post from 2014 explaining policy and linking to policy and FAQs.
- The Need for Research Data Inventories and the Vision for SHARE (2014) Clifford Lynch writing in Information Standards Quartely on the need for appropriate stewardship of data from research.
- RECODE: Policy RECommendations for Open Access to Research Data in Europe - project will leverage existing networks, communities and projects to address challenges within the open access and data dissemination and preservation sector and produce policy recommendations for open access to research data based on existing good practice.
- Starting the Conversation: University-wide Research Data Management Policy (2013) – OCLC call for action report summarizing the benefits of systematic data management planning and identifies campus stakeholders and their concerns. This report is targeted for library directors and encourages them to proactively discuss data management and points to cover to get buy-in among campus stakeholders; covering points that need to be addressed and a checklist of issues.
- Implementing an Open Data Policy (2013) – A primer developed by SPARC for research funders. Addresses key issues that these organizations encounter when considering the adoption and implementation of an open data policy.
- SPARC FAQ for the Fair Access to Science and Technology Research – SPARC page with Frequently Asked Questions about the bipartisan bill, Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR) that was introduced in Congress on February 14, 2013.
- The Health Research Alliance (2013) – A group of critical, private research funders has moved quietly and steadily to make U.S. federal policies to ensure the results of scientific research are openly accessible online a reality. The Health Research Alliance, a group of 52 not-for-profit, nongovernmental funders of health research and training - including the American Cancer Society, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, and Autism Speaks - has made provisions to encourage its members to implement strong policies to make articles that report on the research that they fund openly accessible online to the public.
- Codifying Collegiality: Recent Developments in Data Sharing Policy in the Life Sciences.(2104) Policies have been effective, but still room for improvement. (Article in PLOS One)