Open data aims to make certain types of data freely available to everyone to use, repurpose, and republish without restrictions such as copyright or patents. Open data is represented in a number of different fields such as genomics, chemistry, mathematics and many others. Open data promotes transparency in scientific research and fosters collaboration amongst scientific communities and lends itself to interoperability by offering ways to combine data and develop new methodologies that would not otherwise be possible. Data is most useful when it is freely available to the public, easily accessible, described appropriately so that others can use it, reusable, complete and timely. These factors combined foster the quick use of the data and provide better avenues for using the data effectively and collaboratively.
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