Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology

Overview

"Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions between approximately 1 and 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena enable novel applications. Encompassing nanoscale science, engineering, and technology, nanotechnology involves imaging, measuring, modeling, and manipulating matter at this length scale." – National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI)

Nanotechnology is the umbrella term for science, engineering, and technology at the nanoscale used to understand and control materials properties. It is inherently interdisciplinary, drawing researchers from disciplines such as materials science, chemistry, biology, physics, engineering, medicine, and computer science. As a field it relies heavily on experimentation, computation, simulation, and networked communication.

Nanotechnology is frequently cited as a disruptive science, one that has the potential to bring about the next industrial revolution. Real-world applications of nanotechnology will impact the medical and pharmaceutical industries, address critical issues in the energy and utilities sector, create materials and devices with new functionalities, improve food, paper, electronics and textile products, and make important contributions to national security and defense. As such, nanotechnology has implications for society, law and regulation, and education as well as fundamental science and technology. – (Definition adapted from the Nanoinformatics 2020 Roadmap (March 2011))

Dictionaries

General Content

  • What is nano? – A collection of introductory material in different formats—overviews, definitions, video and audio tutorials—developed by NISE Net, the Nanoscale Informal Science Education.
  • Try Nano – TryNano is a nanotechnology portal for K-12 and the general public supported by the IEEE Nanotechnology Council and the IEEE Educational Activities Board with funding from the IEEE New Initiatives Committee.
  • Introduction to Nanotechnology – Nanowerk’s in depth introduction to the materials and applications of nanoscience.
  • University of Massachusetts at Amherst Nanotechnology LibGuide – Overviews of nanotechnology, links to online resources and nanotechnology organizations, and information on nanomanufacturing.
  • National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) – The NNI is the home for U.S. federal organization for nanotechnology research and development. The NNI hosts many workshops and publishes many reports on all aspects of nanotechnology.

Applications

  • Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies – The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars hosts a number of inventories for public awareness, including consumer products, nano metro map, EHS research, nano silver, and nanomedicine.
  • Making Stuff Smaller: NOVA video – Fascinating 53 minute video from NOVA on future tiny technologies such as silicon chips and micro-robots that can probe the human body.
  • InterNano – InterNano resources include expert reviews of nanomanufacturing developments, a directory of organizations and individuals, a library of nanomanufacturing research, reports, and presentations, and taxonomy of terms.

Education

  • NISE Network – The NISE Net is a national community of researchers and informal science educators dedicated to fostering public awareness, engagement, and understanding of nanoscale science, engineering, and technology.
  • Geckoman! – An educational computer game about the nanoscale forces for children ages 10 – 14, created by the Center for High-rate Nanomanufacturing.
  • nanoHUB.org – The nanoHUB is a rich, web-based resource for research, education and collaboration in nanotechnology.
  • College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering (University at Albany, State Unviersity of New York) – The College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering (CNSE) of the University at Albany, State University of New York (SUNY) is a global education, research, development and technology deployment resource dedicated to preparing the next generation of scientists and researchers in nanotechnology.

Environmental Health and Safety

  • International Council on Nanotechnology (ICON) – ICON is an international, multi-stakeholder organization whose mission is to develop and communicate information regarding potential environmental and health risks of nanotechnology, thereby fostering risk reduction while maximizing societal benefit. ICON resources include a Virtual Journal of EHS literature and the GoodNano Guide, a wiki for best practice in occupational health and safety.
  • NIOSH – NIOSH list of guides and resources for workplace safety when handling nanomaterials and devices. Resources include their 2009 report on what is currently known about nanoparticle toxicity, process emissions and exposure assessment, engineering controls, and personal protective equipment.
  • SafeNano – International resource for nanotechnology hazard and risk, based in the United Kingdom.
  • Nanotechnology Law Report – A blog-based resource for legal and societal issues impacting nanotechnology research and development, managed by Porter Wright Morris & Arthur LLP's nanotechnology practice group.
Last updated: Sep 16, 2013 10:46am