The Evolution of e-Science
Advances in digital technologies and communication have converged to form the new methodology of scientific research known as e-Science. e-Science dates back to the 1950's when scientists and engineers first employed computers as part of their research processes. Since then the nature of scientific research has evolved from one of traditional lab-focused bench work to the application of digital technologies such as computer modeling, simulation programs, and sensors to explore theories and navigate experimental approaches. A prominent feature of e-Science is the generation of immense data sets that can be rapidly disseminated to other researchers via the internet. The global sharing of data has fostered an unprecedented level of open access among scientists, promoted interdisciplinary teamwork on complex problems, and has enabled other researchers to use data for different purposes than what the originators of the data had envisioned.
Exploring e-Science: An Introduction (2007) – Explains what is meant by the umbrella terms “e-science” and “cyberinfrastructure”. Describes the impact of networks and high speed computers on scientific practice.
The Fourth Paradigm. Microsoft Research (2009) (The Fourth Paradigm is also sold in book format) – Collection of essays illustrating computer scientist Jim Gray’s idea of a new fourth paradigm of scientific discovery based on data intensive computing.