Evolution of e-Science
Advances in digital technologies and communication have converged to form the new methodology of scientific research known as e-Science. e-Science dates back to the 1950's when scientists and engineers first employed computers as part of their research processes. Since then the nature of scientific research has evolved from one of traditional lab-focused bench work to the application of digital technologies such as computer modeling, simulation programs, and sensors to explore theories and navigate experimental approaches. A prominent feature of e-Science is the generation of immense data sets that can be rapidly disseminated to other researchers via the internet. The global sharing of data has fostered an unprecedented level of open access among scientists, promoted interdisciplinary teamwork on complex problems, and has enabled other researchers to use data for different purposes than what the originators of the data had envisioned.
- The Ups and Downs of Knowledge Infrastructurs in Science: Implicaitons for Data Management (2014) – Conference presentation by Christine L. Borgman, Peter T. Darch, Ashley E. Sands, Jillian C. Wallis, and Sharon Traweek, that discusses the knowlege Infrastructures project results.
- What is E-Science and How Should it be Managed? (2013) – Explains what e-Science encompasses, its promises and challenges, roles for libraries in the research enterprise, and policies for enabling data to be openly shared.
- Ensuring the Integrity, Accessibility, and Stewardship of Research Data in the Digital Age (2009) (National Academies Press) – A guide to the complex issues and principles that affect the integrity, accessibility and stewardship of research data.
- Harnessing the Power of Digital Data for Science and Society (2009) – Report from the National Science and Technology Council that includes first set of principles to guide strategies for the federal government to lead in enabling digital data preservation and access.
- The Fourth Paradigm. Microsoft Research (2009) (The Fourth Paradigm is also sold in book format) – Collection of essays illustrating computer scientist Jim Gray’s idea of a new fourth paradigm of scientific discovery based on data intensive computing.
- Exploring e-Science: An Introduction (2007) – Explains what is meant by the umbrella terms “e-science” and “cyberinfrastructure”. Describes the impact of networks and high speed computers on scientific practice.
- Cyberinfrastructure Vision for 21st Century Discovery. National Science Foundation (2007) – Interrelated chapters describe challenges and opportunities in the components of cyberinfrastructure including computing systems, data, information resources, networking, instrumentation, and virtual organizations. Lays out an evolving vision to guide future NSF cyberinfrastructure investments.